Western Roadkill Observation System. List your observations. : February 2018

Thursday, February 15, 2018

Roadkill: How to Make a Great First Impression

Originally appeared in Orion 
Republished with the permission of the author.

Ink squirrel roadkill print

“How you doing, officer?”

I’m kneeling on a sidewalk in Riverside, Rhode Island, and a squad car has just pulled into the nearest driveway. My fingers are incriminatingly spattered. All the evidence — brush, paper, and body — is laid out before me.

“Fine,” says the officer. “But the question is: What are you doing?”

“Well, as you can see, sir, I’m painting this squirrel.”

The officer leans out his window.

“I pulled him off the center stripe a few minutes ago because of the rushing cars. I’m going to make a print. This is art.”

A scurry of squirrels is chattering and flagging tail in the big-tree backyard behind us. I imagine that this one — warm and pliable, perfect for printing — was formerly of its cheery, quick-limbed company.

“You’re serious?” asks the cop, matter-of-factly, as he steps from his car.

“Yes, sir. Roadkill prints. I’ve done a number: fox, raccoon, bird . . . I’m hoping for a deer, eventually. You haven’t seen one lying around, have you?”

Another cop pulls to the curb and parks. I’m surrounded now.

“What’s this?” asks the second officer, closing his door. He quickly surveys the scene and sees the tiny, untimely victim.

“Oh, good God, son. You’re touching that? And you’re not using gloves?”

“Well, circumstances suggest he didn’t die of disease,” I offer. “He must have felt rubber only a minute or two before I came across him.”

The first officer: “Do you have some ID?”

I fumble for my undergraduate credential, hoping it will license my creativity.

“I don’t know what . . . well, frankly . . . I mean, I’ve never dealt with anything like this before,” says the officer, sizing up my prom picture. “I’m not sure about legality here, but this just looks wrong.”

Man alive.

“Regardless, someone called you in,” he continues. “People are disturbed. You’ll have to move this off the sidewalk.”

Only a few minutes before, several SUV drivers had slowed and looked down at me askance, cell phones in hand.

“You can’t do this here,” says the cop. “Take it somewhere else . . . put it behind your car . . . some place less out in the open.”

“What if I move the squirrel to that side street?” I inquire. “Or I could just take him to go, if you prefer, and wrap this up at home.”

“Either way,” says the cop, “but you do something with that, while I call in and make sure there aren’t any warrants out for you.”

It’s November and cold, and the squirrel warms my hand when I lift it onto my printing board. The second officer chaperones as I round the street corner, carrying the squirrel as if on a tray. Resuming my work, I smear a hairy tail with a thin layer of ink. The cheap sponge brush is sticky and picks up coat: long, coarse bristles, like pine needles; downy underhairs, thin and light as lint; short, tapered threads, all shades of brown, red, black, and gray.

Meanwhile, the flatfoot supervises.

“I feel bad for it,” he murmurs. “Don’t you feel bad about what you’re doing?”

I look down at my furry quarry.

“Well, I do, of course. But hopefully this will make a good print, and it’ll say something about roadkill. About squirrels. About how sometimes we overlook the small things.”

When the ink is adequately applied, I lift my panel with paper and center it squarely over the squirrel curled serenely on its side. My palms warm as I press and rub circles, bending the board’s flexible surface ever so slightly around the animal’s small body, making sure to find and feel each leg and padded, arboreal foot.

When I lift, the wet impression looks alive, like a figure dancing, or kicking the curve of the mammalian womb, or free-falling through air.

“That’s not bad, huh?” I say to the cop, surprised by the effect.

“Not bad,” he says. Cops are classic non-smilers, but I sense he is also impressed.

Monday, February 12, 2018

National Wildlife Research Center (NWRC) Page 2

Monday, February 12, 2018                                                                                                                                        Page 2

National Wildlife Research Center (NWRC)

USDA - APHIS - Wildlife Damage

National Wildlife Research Center (NWRC)

NWRC Annual Publications List 2006

Articles are available in PDF format.
Adobe Acrobat reader: download a free copy.

06-60 MCLEAN, R. G. 2006. West Nile virus in North American wildlife. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 22:311-317. 177K

06-61 MESENBRINK, B. T., B. LELAND, M. R. DUNBAR, G. MOORE, R. DEYOUNG, A. ZAMORANO, R. G. MCLEAN, AND J. J. ROOT. 2006. Gray fox research to support oral rabies vaccination programs in Texas: an overview. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 22:354-355. 52K

06-62 MILLER, L. A., K. S. BYNUM, AND D. ZEMLICKA. 2006. PZP immunocontraceptive in coyotes: a multi-year study with three vaccine formulations. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 22:88-95. 172K

06-63 MILLER, L. A., G. P. TALWAR, AND G. J. KILLIAN. 2006. Contraceptive effect of recombinant GnRH vaccine in adult female pigs. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 22:106-109. 118K

06-64 MILLESON, M. P., S. A. SHWIFF, AND M. L. AVERY. 2006. Vulture-cattle interactions - a survey of Florida ranchers. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 22:231-238. 132K

06-65 MITCHELL, B. R., M. M. MAKAGON, M. M. JAEGER, AND R. H. BARRETT. 2006. Information content of coyote barks and howls. Bioacoustics 15:289-314. 435K

06-66 MOORE, J. A., R. M. ENGEMAN, H. T. SMITH, AND J. WOOLARD. 2006. Gopherus polyphemus (gopher tortoise) coyote predation. Herpetological Review 37:78-79. 45K

06-67 NOL, P., AND M. FRIEND. 2006. Is this safe to eat? Pages 209-230 in Disease emergence and resurgence: the wildlife-human connection. USGS Circular 1285. U.S. Geological Survey National Wildlife Health Center, Madison, Wisconsin. 4,014K

06-68 O'HARE, J. R., J. D. EISEMANN, AND K. A. FAGERSTONE. 2006. Changes in the taxonomic nomenclature and conservation status of ground squirrel species: implications for pesticide labeling and use of zinc phosphide. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 22:450-457. 754K

06-69 PEDERSEN, K., L. CLARK, W. F. ANDELT, AND M. D. SALMAN. 2006. Prevalence of shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica in rock pigeons captured in Fort Collins, Colorado. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 42:46-55. 99K

06-70 PERRY, K. R., W. M. ARJO, K. S. BYNUM, AND L. A. MILLER. 2006. GnRH single-injection immunocontraception of black-tailed deer. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 22:72-77. 127K

06-71 PRIMUS , T. M., D. J. KOHLER, J. J. JOHNSTON, R. T. SUGIHARA, AND W. C. PITT. 2006. Determination of diphacinone residues in Hawaiian invertebrates. Journal of Chromatographic Science 44:1-5. 96K (*Authors listed in PDF are incomplete)

06-72 RAETZMAN, J., G. M. LINZ, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2006. Blackbird use and damage of wildlife conservation sunflower plots: the second year. Sunflower Research Forum Papers http://www.sunflowernsa.com/research/research-workshop/documents/Raetzman_Blackbird_2yr_06.pdf. 220K

06-73 RAMEY, C. A., J. B. BOURASSA, AND M. S. FURUTA. 2006. Survival and movement ecology of ring-necked pheasants in northern California agricultural areas. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 22:492-499. 1,085K

06-74 REINDL-THOMPSON, S. A., J. A. SHIVIK, A. WHITELAW, A. HURT, AND K. F. HIGGINS. 2006. Efficacy of scent dogs in detecting black-footed ferrets at a reintroduction site in South Dakota. Wildlife Society Bulletin 34:1435-1439. 114K

06-75 RIZOR, S. E., W. M. ARJO, S. BULKIN, AND D. L. NOLTE. 2006. Efficacy of cholecalciferol baits for pocket gopher control and possible effects on non-target rodents in Pacific Northwest forests. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 22:166-170. 122K

wp_c_annpubs2006.html[4/30/2014 10:58:05 AM]

USDA - APHIS - Wildlife Damage

06-76 ROOT, J. J., P. T. OESTERLE, N. M. NEMETH, K. KLENK, D. H. GOULD, R. G. MCLEAN, AND J. S. HALL. 2006. Experimental infection of fox squirrels (Sciurus niger) with West Nile virus. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 75:697-701. 151K

06-77 SAVARIE, P. J., AND L. CLARK. 2006. Evaluation of bait matrices and chemical lure attractants for brown tree snakes. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 22:483-488. 137K

06-78 SAWIN, R. S., G. M. LINZ, W. J. BLEIER, AND H. J. HOMAN. 2006. Feeding habits of spring-migrating blackbirds in east-central South Dakota. Prairie Naturalist 38:73-84. 511K

06-79 SCHAEFER, H. M., D. J. LEVEY, V. SCHAEFER, AND M. L. AVERY. 2006. The role of chromatic and achromatic signals for fruit detection by birds. Behavioral Ecology 17:784-789. 157K

06-80 SEAMANS, T. W., AND D. A. HELON. 2006. Evaluation of ChromaFlair Crow Buster as a starling repellent at nest sites. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 22:228-230. 104K

06-81 SEAMANS, T. W., AND K. C. VERCAUTEREN. 2006. Evaluation of ElectroBraid fencing as a white-tailed deer barrier. Wildlife Society Bulletin 34:8-15. 329K

06-82 SHIVIK, J. 2006. Are vultures birds and do snakes have venom because of macro- and microscavenger conflict? BioScience 56:819-823. 1,208K

06-83 SHIVIK, J. A. 2006. Tools for the edge: what's new for conserving carnivores. BioScience 56:253-259. 1,007K

06-84 SHWIFF, S. A., R. T. STERNER, K. N. KIRKPATRICK, R. M. ENGEMAN, AND D. C. COOLAHAN. 2006. Benefits and costs associated with Wildlife Serices activities in California. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 22:356-360. 218K

06-85 SIN, H., K. H. BEARD, AND W. C. PITT. 2006. Invasive frogs' influence on lowland forest arthropod communities and ecological processes in Hawaii. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 22:534. 54K

06-86 SMITH, H. T., R. M. ENGEMAN, AND W. E. MESHAKA JR. 2006. Leiocephalus carinatus armouri (northern curlytail lizard) predation. Herpetological Review 37. 107K

06-87 SMITH, H. T., R. M. ENGEMAN, W. E. MESHAKA JR., AND E. M. COWAN. 2006. Leiocephalus carinatus armouri (northern curlytail lizard) scavenged road-kill. Herpetological Review 37:87. 45K

06-88 SMITH, H. T., W. E. MESHAKA JR., AND R. M. ENGEMAN. 2006. Predation on a northern curlytail lizard by a loggerhead shrike. Journal of Kansas Herpetology 19:9. 58K

06-89 SMITH, H. T., W. E. MESHAKA JR., R. M. ENGEMAN, S. M. CROSSETT, M. E. FOLEY, AND G. BUSH. 2006. Raccoon predation as a potential limiting factor in the success of the green iguana in southern Florida. Journal of Kansas Herpetology Number 20:7-8. 59K

AND R. D. MUNGER. 2006. Detection of PrPCWD in postmortem rectal lymphoid tissues in Rocky Mountain elk
(Cervus elaphus nelsoni) infected with chronic wasting disease. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation 18:553-

557. 329K

06-91 STAHL, R. S., B. S. DORR, S. C. BARRAS, AND J. J. JOHNSTON. 2006. Use of fatty acid profiles to distinguish between selected game fish and farm-raised channel catfish. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 22:389-392. 137K

06-92 STAHL, R. S., AND J. J. JOHNSTON. 2006. The effect of time on the recovery of DRC-1339 residues from tissues collected from decomposing mourning dove carcasses. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 22:447-

wp_c_annpubs2006.html[4/30/2014 10:58:05 AM]

USDA - APHIS - Wildlife Damage

449. 83K

06-93 STERNER, R. T. 2006. Economic modeling of oral rabies vaccination: issues and concepts. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 22:339-343. 128K

06-94 STERNER, R. T., AND G. C. SMITH. 2006. Modelling wildlife rabies: transmission, economics, and conservation. Biological Conservation 131:163-179. 326K

06-95 SULLIVAN , H., G. LINZ, L. CLARK, AND M. SALMAN. 2006. West Nile virus antribody prevalence in red-winged blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus) from North Dakota, USA (2003-2004). Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 6:305-309. 167K

06-96 TEMBY, I. D., AND R. M. ENGEMAN. 2006. A test of targeted and passive capture of Australian elapids with a brown tree snake trap. Journal for Nature Conservation 14:127-128. 118K

06-97 VERCAUTEREN, K. C., J. M. GILSDORF, S. E. HYGNSTROM, P. B. FIORANELLI, J. A. WILSON, AND S. BARRAS. 2006. Green and blue lasers are ineffective for dispersing deer at night. Wildlife Society Bulletin 34:371-374. 239K

06-98 VERCAUTEREN, K. C., M. J. LAVELLE, AND S. HYGNSTROM. 2006. Fences and deer-damage management: a review of designs and efficacy. Wildlife Society Bulletin 34:191-200. 282K

06-99 VERCAUTEREN, K. C., M. J. LAVELLE, AND S. HYGNSTROM. 2006. A simulation model for determining cost-effectiveness of fences for reducing deer damage. Wildlife Society Bulletin 34:16-22. 446K

06-100 WASHBURN , B. E., R. B. CHIPMAN, AND L. C. FRANCOEUR. 2006. Evaluation of bird response to propane exploders in an airport environment. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 22:212-215. 101K

06-101 WERNER, S. J., AND L. CLARK. 2006. Effectiveness of a motion-activated laser hazing system for repelling captive Canada geese. Wildlife Society Bulletin 34:2-7. 334K

06-102 WERNER, S. J., AND B. S. DORR. 2006. Influence of fish stocking density on the foraging behavior of double-crested cormorants, Phalacrocorax auritus. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 37:121-125. 90K

06-103 WILES, M. C., AND T. A. CAMPBELL. 2006. Liquid chromatography--electrospray ionization mass spectrometry for direct identification and quantification of iophenoxic acid in serum. Journal of Chromatography B 832:144-157. 1,267K

06-104 WITMER, G., P. BURKE, S. JOJOLA, AND P. DUNLEVY. 2006. The biology of introduced Norway rats on Kiska Island, Alaska, and an evaluation of an eradication approach. Northwest Science 80:191-198. 155K

06-105 WITMER, G., AND S. JOJOLA. 2006. What's up with house mice?--a review. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 22:124-130. 126K

06-106 WITMER, G., AND J. O'BRIEN. 2006. Rodent management in alfalfa. Pages online at http://alfalfa.ucdavis.edu/symposium/proceedings/2006-06-101.pdf. 11pp. in Proceedings, 2006 Western Alfalfa & Forage Conference. UC Cooperative Extension, Agronomy Research and Extension Center, UC, Davis, Davis, California. 37K

06-107 WITMER, G., M. PIPAS, AND T. LINDER. 2006. Animal use of black-tailed prairie dog burrows: preliminary findings. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 22:185-197. 72K

06-108 WYCKOFF, A. CHRISTY, S. E. HENKE, T. CAMPBELL, AND K. C. VERCAUTEREN. 2006. Is trapping success of feral hogs dependent upon weather conditions? Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 22:370-372. 154K

wp_c_annpubs2006.html[4/30/2014 10:58:05 AM]

USDA - APHIS - Wildlife Damage

06-109 YODER, C. A., J. K. GRAHAM, AND L. A. MILLER. 2006. Molecular effects of nicarbazin on avian reproduction. Poultry Science 85: 1285-1293. 94K

06-110 YODER, C. A., J. K. GRAHAM, L. A. MILLER, K. S. BYNUM, J. J. JOHNSTON, AND M. J. GOODALL . 2006. Effect of method of delivering nicarbazin to mallards on plasma 4,4'-dinitrocarbanilide levels and reproduction. Poultry Science 85: 1442-1448. 92K

2006.Evaluation of nicarbazin as a potential waterfowl contraceptive using mallards as a model. Poultry Science 85:

1275-1284. 594K

06-112 YODER, C. A., AND L. A. MILLER. 2006. Avian contraceptive tools: one size does not fit all. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 22:110-115. 123K

06-113 YOUNG, J. K., W. F. ANDELT, P. A. TERLETZKY, AND J. A. SHIVIK. 2006. A comparison of coyote ecology after 25 years: 1978 versus 2003. Canadian Journal of Zoology 84:573-582. 357K

06-114 YOUNG, J. K., AND J. A. SHIVIK. 2006. What carnivore biologists can learn from bugs, birds, and beavers: a review of spatial theories. Canadian Journal of Zoology 84:1703-1711. 75K

Articles below added after final compilation and numbering of 2006 publications

06-115 BUCKNALL, J., J. SUCKOW, E. MILLER, T. W. SEAMANS, C. STERN, AND V. L. TRUMBULL. 2006. USDA APHIS Wildlife Services employs cooperative partnerships and use of alternative capture methods to retrieve flighted birds affected by oil on the Delaware River. Pages 29-36 in Effects of oil on wildlife:Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference. Tri-State Bird Rescue & Research Inc., Newark, Delaware. 796K

06-116 KITCHEN, A. M., E. M. GESE, AND S. G. LUPIS. 2006. Multiple scale den site selection by swift foxes, Vulpes velox, in southeastern Colorado. Canadian Field Naturalist 120:31-38. 670K

06-117 BERINGER, J., J. J. MILLSPAUGH, T. MEYER, AND K. C. VERCAUTEREN. 2006. Use of parotid lymph node tissues for chronic wasting disease surveillance in hunter-killed and live white-tailed deer. Transactions of the Missouri Academy of Sciences 40:12-21. 786K

06-118 HOMAN , H. J., R. S. SAWIN, G. M. LINZ, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2006. Habitat characteristics of spring blackbird roosts in east-central South Dakota. Prairie Naturalist 38:183-192. 538K

Last Modified: April 30, 2014